Navigating such a complex environment requires a sound understanding of international politics and economics, and of their intersection with corporate business interests. Political entrepreneurship is a 'must' in every manager's toolbox; it calls for a discipline that accommodates all aspects of the new global matrix of business: international relations.
A political mindset shows managers the way to grasp the 'bigger picture' and become good global citizens. Of particular interest in the business school context is the practice of 'geopolitics'. This refers to international risks and their impact on investment or distribution decisions, international marketing, reputation management, and ethical decision making.
Finally, the discipline's traditional focus on the nature, exercise, and sources of power in the international arena is an asset for determining corporate strategy. In this context, businesses must anticipate changing markets and develop their ability to adjust. Assimilation of the concepts and tools introduced in class through discussion and simulations via case studies, exercises and a final project; Reflexion, comparison and appropriation using articles, case studies and expert opinion and feedback from professional speakers.
It presents the basic principles required for making most financial decisions. In particular, they will appreciate the importance of risk and how it should be factored into the discount rate. Applications include mergers and acquisitions and leverage buyouts. Students are encouraged to relate theory to theever-changing face of "real world" marketing.
They will better understand the role of leadership styles, as well as the needed skills and the difficulties they may encounter in the future as leaders of individuals and teams. Understand the evolution towards more digital organizations. Explain the current trends in information technology IT. We focus on interest rate and currency risks.
Hedging is important to reduce the volatility of the firm's cash flows as well as the probability of financial distress. Hedging also has a positive and significant impact on the firm's value. We study the main hedging tools: swaps, forwards and futures, and options. We highlight the relative pros and cons of each instrument. It is intended for those students who are considering a career in brand or product management, particularly in an FMCG or general consumer goods context. It is also suitable for candidates seeking senior and general management positions in brand driven organisations for whom a knowledge and understanding of brand marketing theory may be considered an essential prerequisite.
Our primary objective will be to discover how brand marketing works and examine the actions and responsibilities of the marketing team in maximizing the potential of the precious brands under their control We will also study why brands are considered by many professional commentators today to be the essence of marketing and the key driver of modern business and go on to demonstrate that brands are increasingly becoming recognized as the most valuable asset within the corporation, due to their influence on takeovers, mergers and acquisitions.
Students will be asked to work in small groups. Students will develop skills for effective nonprofit management by applying reading material to complete a series of exercises that deal with the topics above. Students will work through short case studies each week to learn skills for problem-solving around common issues and dilemmas that arise in nonprofit management. A case is a comprehensive exposition of a real managerial situation describing a set of problems.
International dimension is increasingly relevant in this sector; this is why we integrate this dimension in the topics developed in the course. Elles se manifestent aussi dans la jurisprudence, les attentes des clients ou dans de nouvelles normes et lois. Investors use the information to make investments that will provide a return that is worth the risk.
Past performance is a good indicator of future performance. Investors or creditors are interested in the trend of past sales, cost of goods sold, operating expenses, net income, cash flows and return on investment. These trends offer a means for judging management's past performance and are possible indicators of future performance.
Corporate Finance analyses investment and financing decisions are made by firms. These topics are useful to understand firms' policies and objectives and to understand how firms communicate according to their accounting situation. The Financial Statement Analysis course is designed to prepare you to analyze, interpret and use financial statements effectively, both from a general manager and investor perspective. Understand the importance of cash generation. Learn to compute and interpret a full range of accounting and financial ratios; profitability, solvency.
Examine the financing possibilities of a firm. In this context, firms, whatever their sectors of activity, size, and location, have to adapt their vision and practices in every area: research and development, supply chain management, marketing, business model, management, communication and management control. All this makes a significant impact on their costs and strategy.
Juan Rivera ’s review of L'Apprentissage de l'imperfection (L'esprit d'ouverture)
The changes can also be seen in jurisprudence, customer expectations and new norms and laws. For a firm, corporate social responsibility CSR and SD are linked to risk management, innovation and the development of new business models, some of which can lead to society-level changes. Facing these issues, the firm can react in various ways: defensively, as followers or proactively.
These evolutions also have consequences for the individual. As new social and legal expectations emerge, every member of the firm can face personal dilemmas: what attitude should I adopt in the face of irresponsible or unethical practices? For certain topics, role-plays are organised to simulate debates between firms, stakeholders and public authorities. Some topics are introduced or enriched with forums on Moodle to discuss opinions or relevant documents. The situation can be local, national or international. The analysis is carried out in groups and handed in at the end of the course.
A area dedicated to the course is available on the Moodle learning platform, where various useful documents and resources will be published. The course provides also an overview on the methods and techniques used in these disciplines. The students should be able solve logistical problems such as network optimization problems, transportation problems, inventory management or production planning , in such a way they can utilize the adequate computational tool for solving real problems.
The content of the course emphasizes the complex nature of supply chain management problems and the need for developing solutions that combine simplicity and efficiency. Also, some mathematical tools will be utilized. Students should thus demonstrate that they understand and can manipulate with pragmatism and realism the various notions needed when creating a new business.
It begins with an exploration of the theoretical underpinnings of culture, before continuing on to a detailed investigation of how this relates to business and management in Europe. The instructor facilitates the desire to learn but the student must willingly engage and input to the process. Materials used for the course could include key academic articles as well as readings from the public domain and advertising campaigns. Case studies will be the main learning tool to demonstrate the application of learning, supplemented by professional interventions and perspectives.
Geopolitics and international relations provide tools to understanding the contemporary world. The nature, function and components of geopolitics, the power of emerging countries, the role of international trade and the influence of regional organizations will be scrutinized from various theoretical and practical perspectives that have helped to conceptualize and understand contemporary international affairs. This course will also make the connection between global governance and contemporary key issues, like nuclear proliferation, global regulation and conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and Asia.
We will analyze international relations from a business point of view as well as from a political point of view. To achieve this goal, we rely on complementary input: 1.
Each lecture starts by an oral presentation by students on a specific subject, followed by discussion and sharing different points of view among participants and between participants and the teacher; The methodological contributions through the synthesis by the teacher; Video analysis to develop students' thinking through concrete examples.
These videos are taken from documentary films on issues of international relations and geopolitics. Class discussion is a crucial part of the learning process in this course. If you are not in class for the debriefing you cannot participate. Quality comments include: questions when a concept is not well understood, insight that moves the discussion deeper, and analogy to current events or real world situations.
This course is designed for Business students. Students need to be comfortable with math at the level of elementary algebra e. The statistical concepts and tools students will learn in this course will benefit them in their future courses and careers regardless of whether their interest is in Finance, Accounting, MIS, Management or Marketing. We will use ALEKS, an e-learning platform, all along the course see the useful links at the end of this syllabus.
Each student will be provided with a log-in code. This exam is a traditional pencil and paper exam. Notes and training materials can be used. However, student cannot connect to the net or use e-book during the final exam. To achieve this goal, we rely on complementary input: 4. This course aims to study the two main facets of the company's financial policy: investment and financing policies. To ensure its sustainability, the company must optimize both decisions; on one hand through the selection of the most profitable projects and in second hand, retaining the adequate mode of financing.
To analyze the consequences of investment and financing decisions on the cash balance of the company The following issues are specifically addressed. How should they make decisions selection criteria? What are the main alternatives for financing investment projects? How to calculate the cost of each type of financing and the weighted average cost of capital WACC?
What are the consequences of investment and financing decisions on the balance of Cash at medium and long term through the notion of the financing plan? It will stress the importance of understanding human behaviour in the organizational setting. This course is required of all business majors in order to provide support to graduates' management capability, career advancement and personal development. Over a 10 week period you will explore topics related to organizational concepts and theory, such as behaviours OB and human resource management HRM systems.
The list of subjects that are covered in this course are not exhaustive of all the specific areas in organization theory, OB and HRM. Rather, this course is designed to provide a snapshot of people management challenges that are important and difficult in organizations today. Coverage of these topics are designed to facilitate both knowledge and skill acquisition. Gain broad knowledge that is central to decision making e. This course will allow them to master the fundamentals of budget control, rationalize the process of decision making and appropriate corrective measures. Through simple, structured methods for defining budgets and operating reports students will acquire the necessary know how, and therefore the authority for making decisions.
This course prepares students to make and implement reasoned decisions about the development of the firm. The strategy course is a core course for students aiming to reach demanding positions of responsibility. It includes concepts specific to strategy and relies on knowledge acquired in fields useful for strategy development finance, marketing, and economics. By giving students an overall vision of the firm and by developing a methodology to respond to the complexity of strategic decisions in rapidly changing environments, the strategy course aims to encourage enlightened decision making in contexts that are unique every time.
Rather than proposing pre-established solution, this course uses case studies to develop a structured approach in which students analyse and act on each situation autonomously. It aims to encourage students to analyse the situations and become engaged, to develop their ability to tackle the constant strategic contradictions that managers encounter every day. With this in view, the course provides students with numerous analytical tools that highlight strategic problems and ways of solving strategic dilemmas.
The overall aim of the strategy course is the creation of value not only for the client but also for shareholders and other stakeholders involved in corporate life and development. It is based on the values of corporate social responsibility and the development of specific assets and distinctive capacities within the firm the resource-based view. The course also stresses the specific challenges and difficulties of implementing strategy and strategic change. Finally, the course is designed to enable students to face current challenges: corporate globalisation, accelerating transformation and the innovation economy, accepting the uncertain, or taking risks in situations that the most elaborate models cannot claim to capture in full.
A previous knowledge of the area is not compulsory although it can help students. Contrary to generalizations, we will highlight and explain the internal diversity of an emerging region of almost 1 billion inhabitants, which will follow the general evolution of the global economy.
Africa has become the new frontier of the global economy, according to Hillary Clinton. The continent now represents a new world to explore with new opportunities available in sectors such as new information technologies, renewable energies services, agriculture, banking and services to mention but a few. Through the combination of different analysis scales, the course will also underline the weight of the Sub-Saharan Africa in the global economy, often hidden by the controversial weight of foreign multinationals in the Gross Domestic Product of the continent.
The various sources of imbalances and tensions will be studied, both between and inside the countries of the area. Then we will describe the key factors that allow Africa to become very attractive. The course complements and deepens the notions and theories introduced in Fundamentals of Marketing course, and Marketing Strategy course. The latest shockwave comes from financial technology, or FinTech. At the end of the course, the students will be aware of the main barriers faced by companies and will be trained to use the key drivers in preventing and managing psychosocial risks.
The course will rely on real case-studies, videos, scientific investigations, group work and simulations exercises. Often referred to as "giants" in terms of population or area , or even as "Eldorados", they need to be better apprehend from our western world. They are perceived either as a threat or as a place of relocation, torn between "tradition" and modernity. The knowledge of these countries is often concentrated on the large local industries, the potential of the emerging middle class, or the success of Western companies in these countries. The aim of this course is to better understand decentralization of the world, and above all to discover the potentiality of what is called the "Bottom of the Pyramid ".
Evolutions oblige our marketers to improve their ways of thinking and management practices. The objective of this course is to understand the stakes in communication with regard to the brand and product management ; to get acquainted with tools and techniques of analysis and production of effective communications ; to experiment with the proposal of a relevant communication plan via a practical case ; be able to analyze the communications of a brand and suggest a relevant plan strategically and operationally. Emphasis is on the strategic implications of the competition in the markets of different countries.
The main objective is to stimulate curiosity of the student in order to understand how to achieve global competitiveness through the design and implementation of market-responsive programmes, being aware of all aspects of the emerging global economic order. Entire European cities, such as Bristol, Liverpool or Nantes, grew rich on the slave trade. The lucrative Dutch spice commerce also led to misery among the indigenous populations of the East Indies.
In the midth century British companies imposed the opium trade on China, by getting their government to wage two wars. And at around the same time Japan was forced to open its ports to foreign trade by the force of guns. Other examples where business played anything but an ethical role include privateering; the deindustrialisation of China and India during the colonial age; trade and business with Nazi Germany during World War II; or the fate of Holocaust era-assets in Swiss banks.
Modern philanthropism, the precursor of business ethics, emerged slowly throughout the 19th century. But the marriage between ethics and corporate business only really took off at the end of the Cold War. The beneficial effects of good corporate citizenship and social responsibility on reputation, brand value, and, ultimately, business sustainability are also being recognised. Finally, the ongoing climate change debate is revelatory of how environmental impact is becoming an issue of importance for business sustainability.
Secondly, products will be presented, with a focus on capital markets equity and debt. We will also briefly present foreign exchange rate markets and commodities. Thirdly, we will introduce the notion of derivative products, with main focus on futures and interest rate swap markets. Examples will be given on how to use such products to manage risk. Notions of arbitrage, hedging and speculation will also be discussed. The main objective is for students to acquire a good understanding of the financial system, of the way it is organized, and of how modern finance is mainly guided by the notion of risk and management of uncertainty due to market fluctuations.
This should allow students for better understanding market finance, and decide whether they want to pursue studying and specializing in this field. Good mathematical skills. Tools like optimization and stochastic models will help students solving real industrial and managerial problems. The course covers concepts like linear programming, transportation, integer programming queuing theory and markov chains. This class will provide you with many opportunities to analyze the many aspects and theories of leadership.
Throughout the online course, we will focus on several key aspects of leadership, including Influence, Innovation, Ethics, Teamwork, Change, and Gender. Each of these topics will be illustrated through the use of popular movies. In order to fully take advantage of each session it is extremely important that you carefully watch the assigned movie and write a reaction paper focusing on leadership issues.
Combined with real growth cases, the course is about learning to scale a business making it bigger and better. The focus of the course is on small entrepreneurial firms with growth ambitions. Hence, we talk about continuation and success of a small young venture and not about starting a business.
Upon completion of the course, students should be able to analyze what factors stimulate or hinder growth of a firm. They should be able to understand the growth path of firms and strategies that firms can adopt to embrace growth. In addition, students gain insights about the operational side of business growth and possible challenges and risks ahead. It gives students with a better appreciation for and a research-based approach to business growth. Growth is about change and change is constant as the business grows.
Based on this observation, it is essential for managers to understand how to collect, analyse and interpret data from marketing studies. The aim of this course is to familiarise students with marketing studies as tools that can help them solve real marketing problems. The course concentrates on the qualitative and quantitative aspects of marketing studies and tackles the role of marketing studies and their place in the marketing process. Students will apply their knowledge to their own study project. Modern day businesses are moving beyond the traditional supply chain networks to create new networks among firms and evolving into the ecosystem concept of business environments.
Most of these strategic partnerships rest heavily on the information exchanges between partners as a vital source to implement innovation in their business offerings and create new business models centred on complementary information exchange. APIs refer to the specifications or protocols for exchanging information between organizations.
Firstly the course will highlight the role of API economy in restructuring existing internal firm structures to support innovative business models and secondly it will help understand the role of API economy towards creating and appropriating new revenue generating partnerships. The pedagogy of the course will be through academic conceptual discourses supported by industry specific illustration of API economy in business model innovation. High levels of engagement can be created by allowing students to explore innovation with API economy in self-administered project works based on open API platforms, thus amalgamating with the business model and business innovation strategies.
The students will be grouped and be asked to do a mini-business plan for a mobile application. Each group will present their mini-business plan by the end of the course. We will examine policy issues at international, national and local levels. It attempts to provide groundwork approaches to nonprofits, NGOs, and philanthropy. It is a discussion course, and I look for active participation by each student. There will be a reading assignment, not too long, for each session, but I expect close analysis of texts and I look for each student to complete the assignment before class.
The basic course requirement is to write a research proposal on a topic to be determined in discussion with me. The alternative of an examination will be available for those who prefer, but my strong preference is for one or more research papers project. Ce module comprend une mise en situation en salle informatique. Apply various tools and techniques of Revenue Management in both manufacturing and service sector.
Identify Revenue Management theory and practices. Propose and implement Revenue Management solutions in real applications. It is always utility—that is, what a product does for him. Many of the most critical initiatives—including overhauling the healthcare system, saving financial organizations, harnessing the speed of technology, and improving the growth and profit of manufacturing firms—involve services.
For this reason, service marketing is more critical than ever before as a sub-discipline of marketing. The objective of this course is to supplement basic marketing and marketing strategy courses by focusing on problems and strategies specific to marketing of services. Problems commonly encountered in marketing services -- such as inability to inventory, difficulty in synchronizing demand and supply, difficulty in controlling quality -- will be addressed.
Strategies used by successful services marketers to overcome these difficulties will be discussed. The emphasis will be on service universals rather than on any particular industry such as bank marketing. However, concepts will be illustrated using cases, examples, and exercises in service industries such as financial planning, airlines, the hospitality industry, and communication as well as manufacturing and high tech industries both of which depend heavily on services to provide value.
The course is designed not just for students with careers in services industries but also careers in goods industries with high service components e. Furthermore, the concepts apply to internal services marketing and are therefore relevant to all MBA students. Marketing is a set of skills, concepts, knowledge, analytical techniques and approaches that -- when applied appropriately -- can greatly improve the effectiveness with which business is conducted.
This course is designed to allow you to further develop these skills, techniques, and approaches and to seek appropriate solutions based on reasoning and analysis. It is critical to understand that at this stage of knowledge, marketing is not a science! If it were, there would be no service failures, dissatisfied customers, or ineffective advertising.
Please note that when I am leading discussions, asking questions etc. In the time we have in the module, we will not be able to cover everything on the topic of services marketing. The textbook provides you with frameworks that are essential to understanding the subject. I've assigned chapters and some readings for each topic that will help you prepare for the cases and learn the material.
There is limited duplication between material in class and the material in the book, so you need to read the book as well as come to class to learn the subjects. If a student misses class for any reason, the student will be responsible for any material covered, assignments given, or dates changed.
Studies have shown that students who attend class regularly and participate fully find assignments and exams to be much easier and more meaningful, and surprise! When readings are assigned, these must be integrated into your discussion of the cases and into the written assignments.
Please read and prepare the cases completely. Finally, note to put away your computers and gadgets in this class. Please make sure to turn off cell-phones no texting! I realize that many students use laptops for note taking; however, I truly enjoy looking at students as opposed to laptop computers. I also understand the temptation to multitask by using class time to catch up on e-mails, news, Facebook, or YouTube videos. This is an unwise use of class time and feedback from prior years clearly indicates that students are as distracted by the use of laptops of their peers as I am.
However, if I find that you are doing outside work, e-mailing, or surfing the Internet, I will expect you to stop. Such behaviour is considered rude and inappropriate. The same holds true for texting during class. I plan for two 10 to minute breaks in every class, so you have ample time to text, make phone calls, go to the restroom, or buy a snack.
- Abingdon (Then and Now);
- Il megastore della libertà (Italian Edition)!
- Ghosts of Anchorage: The Haunted Locations of Anchorage, Alaska.
- Anthem And Other Short Stories (Anthem I, II and III Book 1).
- Inspirational Proverbs For Kids?
It is in most of the cases even a basic condition for success: without a good supply chain, there are no products available for sale, no sales and no profit! The control of the supply chain seems today all the more important given the strong globalization that complex flows and the need for more sustainable development. In this context, the objective of this course is to give students an overview of what Supply Chain Management is: Where does this approach comes from and how it can be defined, which are the actors of a supply chain, what are the main logistics management techniques, and what are the environmental issues involved.
During the course, an emphasis is put on the managerial aspects of the supply chain function that because of the greater complexity of business, tend to become critical. Emphasis is also put on the technological aspects and the role of information systems. Demonstrate leadership, interpersonal and communications skills Demonstrate sports management skills and the ability to perform in an economically sports diverse environment Develop a strategic perspective Develop and practice a sense for innovation, entrepreneurship and creativity Develop and practice critical thinking to become a more sustainable future manager in sports.
Understand and Integrate Core Sports Management Disciplines Understand from systemic and transcultural perspective economic, social and management issues related to our global sports management environments. Culture is now a wide market, and works of art or books are cultural products. One complains about the end of the arts, considering cultural industries as more industrial than artistic or cultural; others think that Culture has opened itself to a larger audience through consumption.
Are cultural products economic goods as cars or socks? Do they sell like any other product? Has the merchandising of Culture killed Culture itself? To answer these questions, this course aims to identify the cultural and economic logic which organize the cultural sector, from the cultural industries books, movies, music to the visual and the performing arts. These three sectors follow specific trends that must be understood by anyone who wishes to work in the cultural area. And what about the demand? It leads us to look at how cultural preferences are built.
The sociology of arts demonstrates that taste is not only the expression of an individual singularity, but socially built, opening ways towards other fields of consumption, towards the understanding of an analysis of society. Thus, the ability to work in teams is widely viewed as one of the most important qualities that companies seek in job candidates.
Given the importance of these skills, this class draws on evidence-based management and active learning exercises to provide students with the knowledge and skills needed to effectively contribute to teams in a modern workplace. This model provides a useful framework for thinking about teams and identifying ways to enhance their functioning. Although there are other models of team effectiveness, which we will discuss, the IPO model will serve as a roadmap for our time together.
Under the section of the syllabus entitled, Course Schedule, you will see that the sessions are loosely organized around the IPO model. The seminar will be entirely in English including group work, training simulations, serious games and case studies as well as individual reflexive papers.
The whole seminar will be organized in such a way that students will be constantly working and studying within operational perspectives. Marketing, in particular, begins and ends with the consumer—from determining his or her needs to ensuring post-purchase satisfaction. The goal of this course is to enhance your understanding of consumer behaviour. During this process, you will come to better understand yourself as a target of marketing influence. You will also appreciate how an understanding of consumer psychology can be used to develop powerful marketing techniques and tactics.
It does so through quizzes critical thinking, written communication , a group-based customer audit critical thinking, written communication, oral communication, teamwork , an individual paper critical thinking, written communication , and research participation critical thinking, written communication. Demonstrate Critical Thinking and the ability to perform in a culturally diverse environment Enhance personal development as a globally responsible leader. Develop and practice a sense for innovation, entrepreneurship and creativity Incorporate humanities and social sciences in the topic chosen for the course and the assignments.
Wikipédia:Le Bistro/mars 2006
Demonstrate critical thinking skills and the ability to perform in a culturally diverse environment Develop a strategic perspective Develop and practice critical thinking to become a more sustainable future manager. Demonstrate leadership, Interpersonal and communications skills Apply high standards of Integrity, Ethics and Social Responsibility Integrate global humanism and postcolonial theory as a part to the business learning curriculum.
Firms producing cultural goods movies, books, music… now operate at a global level in a fierce competition, and have to develop new marketing strategies. On the other hand, if cultural organizations museums, theaters… have long been protected from the harsh realities of the marketplace by relying on wealthy patrons or public subsidies, these sources of finance become scarcer so that they now have to turn to other sources of income, and to the market, which has led them to set up marketing strategies.
Un peu comme les tentatives de suicide qui ratent tout le temps: c'est plus pour attirer l'attention qu'autre chose, en fait on ne part pas vraiment Par contre, bibliographie et liens externes renvoient vers des livres vers lesquels peuvent se tourner pour approfondir le sujet de l'article.
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J'ai bon? Il peut y avoir une autre section "bibliographie", qui contient des ouvrages pertinents sur le sujet, mais dont les auteurs de l'articles n'ont pas fait usage. Ou un truc du genre. Parce qu'on ouvre clairement la porte au n'importe quoi en autorisant comme les marques ce genre de pseudos. A bat les 4x4! Quelle est la date de naissance de cette dame Lily Pons.
En anglais, on indique Je penche pour Une solution serait d'enlever le lien, mais bon Si un admin pouvait reverter la modif, je suppose que pour eux c'est possible. Please see my reply on your English user page. La bonne orthographe est occurrence. Que faire? Tout va bien aujourd'hui? Voici ne proposition de message de bienvenue,. Il est possible de retrouver la liste des auteurs en visitant leur historique. Tu peux pour cela modifier ta page personnelle. Bonne continuation parmi nous. Welcome to French Wikipedia.
Il faudrait un lien Aide:Historique sous le mot "historique". Et rappelle qu'on ne signe pas les articles, seulement les discussions. Pourquoi supprimer ce lien? Fait secte. Donc non. Je ne suis pas d'accord. Chez moi, il y a un bug avec le nouveau message. Est-ce pareil pour d'autres?
Y'a le lien vers le bistro pour non francophone, mais aucun vers le francophone. Merci de continuer la discussion sur cette page. Il faut lui demander de changer de pseudo ou pas? Sur Firefox 1. Quelqu'un sait ce qui se passe? La page est mmaintenant vide, allez savoir pourquoi Quelqu'un peut apporter des infos? Voir notamment la page de discussion pour l'avis de Barsamuphe. Vous vous ennuyez? Vous ne savez pas quoi faire?
Bienvenue dans la secte de coupeurs de cheveux en 4x4. Moi je tremble chaque matin a mon reveil, j'ai mis des photos sur Wikipedia qui sont du domaine plublic mais j'ai pas l'autorisation du fabriquant de mon appareil photo. De toute facon, il faut faire attention, les lois vont changer, les auteurs congeles vont etre decongeles, des elements en arrieres plans copyrightes vont etre trouves dans les cliches et des ayants droits vont surgir Plus de photos sur Wikipedia, et le bistro est mort. J'ai jamais vu une communaute aussi auto-mortifiante, je me demande si ce n'est pas une erreur pour mon esperance de vie de continuer a frequenter des gens si tortures ou masochistes???
Il serait temps de s'en rendre compte. Il est possible de retrouver la liste des auteurs en visitant l' historique d'une page. Qu'en pensez vous? Quelqu'un connaitrait un utilitiare capable de convertir un son au format Quicktime. Audacity ne connait pas le. Pour les dates, je ne sais pas, un marseillais dans le coin? Kiwa hirsuta redirige vers Galatheoidea mais je ne connais ni l'un ni l'autre! Si tu connais alors juste fais-le, non? A qui donc aurez-vous recours? Et quel mal faisais-je, Grand Dieu! Les fautes que nous pouvons commettre sont de plusieurs sortes. Quel enfer!
Juste ciel! Que deviennent donc ces malheureuses? Le veux-tu? Est-il en nous de nous refaire? Pouvons-nous devenir autres que nous sommes? Et cependant quelle injustice! Le plaisir des sens doit-il donc rendre un homme meilleur que les autres plaisirs de la vie? Et que nous font les suites de ces passions? Peut-on nommer ainsi ce qui sert la nature? Tout fut calme le reste de la nuit. Que vais-je devenir, grand Dieu! Personne ne lui avait encore dit un mot.